Breech Research

Acupuncture conversion of fetal breech presentation.
Fetal Diagn Ther. 2003 Nov-Dec;18(6):418-21. Habek D, Cerkez Habek J, Jagust M. Clinical Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Clinical Hospital Osijek, Osijek, Croatia. CONCLUSIONS: We believe that AP correction of fetal malpresentation is a relatively simple, efficacious and inexpensive method associated with a lower percentage of operatively completed deliveries, which definitely reflects in improved parameters of vital and perinatal statistics.
Published on December 8, 2003

Acupuncture plus moxibustion to resolve breech presentation: a randomized controlled study.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2004 Apr;15(4):247-52. Neri I, Airola G, Contu G, Allais G, Facchinetti F, Benedetto C. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Modena-Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy. CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture plus moxibustion is more effective than observation in revolving fetuses in breech presentation. Such a method appears to be a valid option for women willing to experience a natural birth.
Published on April 15, 2004

Effectiveness of Moxibustion for Breech Presentation: A Prospective Study
Moxibustion application increased the rate of vertex presentation at birth and also vaginal delivery rate compared with expectant management. Offering moxibustion between the 32nd and 36th week of gestation may provide women with a singleton fetus in breech presentation an opportunity for a vaginal birth.
Published on Sepember 15, 2021

Moxibustion for Correction of Breech Presentation: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Francesco Cardini, MD; Huang Weixin, MD JAMA. 1998;280:1580-1584 CONCLUSION(S): Among primigravidas with breech presentation during the 33rd week of gestation, moxibustion for 1 to 2 weeks increased fetal activity during the treatment period and cephalic presentation after the treatment period and at delivery.
Published on November 11, 1998

Smoke or smokeless moxibustion treatment for breech presentation: A three-arm pilot trial.
Smokeless moxibustion treatment showed an increasing trend towards cephalic presentation at the conclusion of intervention.
Published on October 18, 2021

Using moxibustion in primary healthcare to correct non-vertex presentation: a multicentre randomised controlled trial
Jorge Vas, José Manuel Aranda-Regules, Manuela Modesto, María Ramos-Monserrat, Mercedes Barón, Inmaculada Aguilar, Nicolás Benítez-Parejo, Carmen Ramírez-Carmona, Francisco Rivas-Ruiz, Acupunct Med 2013;31:31-38 doi:10.1136/acupmed-2012-010261 Conclusions:Moxibustion at acupuncture point BL67 is effective and safe to correct non-vertex presentation when used between 33 and 35 weeks of gestation. We believe that moxibustion represents a treatment option that should be considered to achieve version of the non-vertex fetus.
Published on October 26, 2012

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