Research

Acupuncture for ovulation induction in polycystic ovary syndrome: A randomized controlled trial.
Johansson J, Redman L, Veldhuis PP, Sazonova A, Labrie F, Holm G, Johannsson G, Stener-Victorin E. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2013 Mar 12. University of Gothenburg. CONCLUSION(S): We conclude that repeated acupuncture treatments resulted in higher ovulation frequency in lean/overweight women with PCOS and were more effective than just meeting with the therapist. Ovarian and adrenal sex steroid serum levels were reduced with no effect on LH secretion.
Published on March 12, 2013

Acupuncture for pelvic and back pain in pregnancy: a systematic review.
Ee CC, Manheimer E, Pirotta MV, White AR., Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Mar;198(3):254-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2007.11.008. Source: Department of General Practice, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia. ccee@unimelb.edu.au Abstract: The objective of our study was to review the effectiveness of needle acupuncture in treating the common and disabling problem of pelvic and back pain in pregnancy. Two small trials on mixed pelvic/back pain and 1 large high-quality trial on pelvic pain met the inclusion criteria. Acupuncture, as an adjunct to standard treatment, was superior to standard treatment alone and physiotherapy in relieving mixed pelvic/back pain. Women with well-defined pelvic pain had greater relief of pain with a combination of acupuncture and standard treatment, compared to standard treatment alone or stabilizing exercises and standard treatment. We used a narrative synthesis due to significant clinical heterogeneity between trials. Few and minor adverse events were reported. We conclude that limited evidence supports acupuncture use in treating pregnancy-related pelvic and back pain. Additional high-quality trials are needed to test the existing promising evidence for this relatively safe and popular complementary therapy.
Published on March 19, 2008

Acupuncture in improving endometrial receptivity: a systematic review and meta-analysis
We found very low to moderate level of evidence that acupuncture may improve pregnancy rate (RR = 1.23 95%CI[1.13, 1.34] P < 0.00001) and embryo transfer rate (RR = 2.04 95%CI[1.13, 3.70] P = 0.02), increase trilinear endometrium (RR = 1.47 95%CI [1.27, 1.70] P < 0.00001), thicken endometrium (SMD = 0.41 95% CI [0.11, 0.72] P = 0.008), reduce resistive index (RI) (MD = -0.08 95% CI [− 0.15, − 0.02] P = 0.01), pulse index (PI) (SMD = -2.39 95% CI [− 3.85, − 0.93] P = 0.001) and peak systolic velocity/ end-diastolic blood velocity (S/D) (SMD = -0.60 95% CI [− 0.89, − 0.30] P < 0.0001), compared with medication, sham acupuncture or physiotherapy. Acupuncture was statistically significant as a treatment approach.
Published on March 13, 2019

Acupuncture in Postdate Pregnancy Management
Neri I, Pignatti L, Fontanesi F, Facchinetti F. 2018. Acupuncture in Postdate Pregnancy Management. J Acupunct Meridian Stud. 11(5):332-336.
Published on October 1, 2018

Acupuncture on the day of embryo transfer significantly improves the reproductive outcome in infertile women: a prospective, randomized trial.
Fertil Steril. 2006 May;85(5):1341-6. Epub 2006 Apr 5. Westergaard LG, Mao Q, Krogslund M, Sandrini S, Lenz S, Grinsted J. – Fertility Clinic Trianglen, Hellerup, Denmark. CONCLUSION(S): Acupuncture on the day of ET significantly improves the reproductive outcome of IVF/ICSI, compared with no acupuncture. Repeating acupuncture on ET day +2 provided no additional beneficial effect.
Published on April 5, 2006

Acupuncture or acupressure for induction of labour
Smith CA, Armour M, Dahlen HG. 2017. Acupuncture or acupressure for induction of labour. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 10(10):CD002962.
Published on October 1, 2017

Acupuncture or acupressure for pain management during labour.
Smith CA, Collins CT, Levett KM, Armour M, Dahlen HG, Tan AL, Mesgarpour B. (2020) Acupuncture or acupressure for pain management during labour. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2020, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD009232. Acupressure led to decreased pain and C-sections.
Published on April 24, 2020

Acupuncture or acupressure for relieving pain during labour
Smith, CA. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. Feb 2020. Acupuncture in comparison to sham acupuncture may increase satisfaction with pain management and reduce use of pharmacological analgesia. Acupressure in comparison to a combined control and usual care may reduce pain intensity.
Published on February 7, 2020

Acupuncture performed around the time of embryo transfer: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Smith CA et al. 2019. Acupuncture performed around the time of embryo transfer: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Reprod Biomed Online. 2019 Mar;38(3):364-379. doi: 10.1016/j.rbmo.2018.12.038. Epub 2019 Jan 2. CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture may be effective when compared to no adjunctive treatment with increasing clinical pregnancies and live births, but is not an efficacious treatment when compared with sham controls. ("Sham acupuncture is not an effective control, because anytime you put a needle in the body you affect a change", Stephanie Gianarelli)
Published on March 1, 2019

Acupuncture plus moxibustion to resolve breech presentation: a randomized controlled study.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2004 Apr;15(4):247-52. Neri I, Airola G, Contu G, Allais G, Facchinetti F, Benedetto C. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Modena-Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy. CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture plus moxibustion is more effective than observation in revolving fetuses in breech presentation. Such a method appears to be a valid option for women willing to experience a natural birth.
Published on April 15, 2004

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